Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]
The Eccotemp EZ-FLUSH System Descaler Kit is the The Eccotemp EZ-FLUSH System Descaler Kit is the answer to any water scale lime or rust deposit buildup in virtually any piece of water based equipment. The EZ-FLUSH system has been designed to work seamlessly with Tankless Water Heaters and is compact for easy use and storage. It includes our ...  More + Product Details Close
"We just moved to a new house and Luke did an amazing job installing our home entertainment system. We thought we had a simple TV mounting project, but Luke was able to connect all our equipment (some of which was a bit outdated) so we have one seamless audio/visual system. Plus he was able to fix some errors that Comcast had made and willing to jump in and work on a few other small projects I needed done before the holidays. His price was reasonable and in the week since he performed the work I've had 2 people knowledgeble in contracting or wiring compliment the quality of his work."
Tuesday March 6th my husband went into the basement to feed our cats and found that we had water in our basement and that it was from our hot water heater. This was the night before the big snow storm was supposed to hit us. We have a home warranty, but did not get a person and it would have taken 24 hrs before we heard from their plumber. I googled plumbers in our area and saw all the good things said about Elek. I agree with what was said, my call was answered by a live person who was caring and understood what we were going through. Within a short period Scott called and said he would be coming out to install a new water heater. Scott is very professional! He came in made sure that our rug was protected and went to work. Scott explained what was happening and went over the maintenance agreement which we purchased. All this happened from 5pm until 8:30 when Scott left us with a brand new hot water heater. I know that when the time comes we will be using Elek again. Thank you Elek and Scott - you made a stressfull time easier. I have already told my friends and co-workers this story and recommended your services.read more
Plumber Apache Junction offers services that are long lasting. To ensure this, we use the best spare parts and devices. The taps that we use are of the finest qualities. All the spares – be it washers or valves – come from the best makers in the country. Hiring us to fix your issues ensures that you get the worth of your money. Other plumbers often do the job for namesake. The leakages become stubborn and come back again and again. Plumber Apache Junction AZ know that no leakage is stubborn. All that you need is to fix it in the right way. This is the strategy that we follow. Plumber Apache Junction fix every issue such that we ensure that it never comes back. With our services, you only pay once and the trouble is gone. You will not have to hire another plumber for the same job again.

Pipe is available in rigid "joints", which come in various lengths depending on the material. Tubing, in particular copper, comes in rigid hard tempered "joints" or soft tempered (annealed) rolls. PeX and CPVC tubing also comes in rigid "joints" or flexible rolls. The temper of the copper, that is whether it is a rigid "joint" or flexible roll, does not affect the sizing.[19]
Len The Plumber is a full service plumbing and drain cleaning company serving the entire Baltimore, Washington D.C., Northern Virginia, Delaware and the Philadelphia Area as well as Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Cecil, Harford, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George’s, Charles, Fairfax, Alexandria, Arlington, Loudoun, Prince William, Falls Church, Manassas, Delaware, Chester, New Castle, and Stafford counties. We are continuing to grow and expand our service areas so please continue to check-in to see if we are in your area and always feel free to call if you have a question. Our service area map shows all the counties and district that we currently serve.
toilets work off of siphon.more correctly it's the timely transfer of water from the tank to the bowl through the ports that starts the siphon and carrys the solids and water downstream,thus completing a flush.i also live in florida and due to lots of hard water everywhere can tell you that most likely the toilets are full of deposits and need to be replaced or are of poor quality.all of the toilets from home depot are trash i would suggest getting one from the factory or from a plumbing supply house.DO NOT GET A 1.28gpf...1.6gpf is still legal
Alexa is an experienced lifestyle and news writer, currently working with Reader's Digest, Shape Magazine, and various other publications. She loves writing about her travels, health, wellness, home decor, food and drink, fashion, beauty, and scientific news. Follow her traveling adventures on Instagram: @living_by_lex, send her a message: [email protected], and check out her website: livingbylex.com
Mr. Plumber in not only a traditional plumbing company, but we also have water treatment experts on our team who are trained in analyzing your home’s water and recommending options to improve your water quality. Whatever the problem, from hard water to PH levels to total dissolved solids (TDS), we can recommend the best products for you. Our services, material, and workmanship are guaranteed in writing. So, when you need a plumber, call Mr. Plumber… Night or Day!
Electrician Chandler AZ services are available for not only new devices, but repairs also. We provide excellent repair services for electric appliances. Our technicians know all devices inside-out. We can provide services like no other technician. With Electrician Chandler repairs, an appliance will never give you the same trouble again. Wiring faults are the forte of our technicians. No matter what type of issue it is, you can give us a call. We handle wires in a safe and reliable way. When we do the job, you can be sure of the safety of your family. There will be no hazard and no relapse. Chandler Electrician fixes the issues in the ideal manner.

late 14c. (from c.1100 as a surname), "a worker in any sort of lead" (roofs, gutters, pipes), from Old French plomier "lead-smelter" (Modern French plombier) and directly from Latin plumbarius "worker in lead," noun use of adjective meaning "pertaining to lead," from plumbum "lead" (see plumb (n.)). Meaning focused 19c. on "workman who installs pipes and fittings" as lead water pipes became the principal concern of the trade. In U.S. Nixon administration (1969-74), the name of a special unit for investigation of "leaks" of government secrets.

Tree roots, corrosion, and debris buildup can all threaten the healthy function of your home’s drains and sewer lines—that’s why we offer professional rooter service in Vero Beach, FL, to address your home’s plumbing needs quickly and completely. If you think you may be facing a tough clog that needs the attention of a plumber, please visit our website to find out more about our services or to schedule an appointment online. We also encourage you to click through our blog archives to learn more about the factors that can affect your plumbing and how to avoid or address them.
Chuck Bell was the epitome of professionalism in every respect. He was courteous and respectful of my home. He explained all that he needed to do to complete the work, and outlined in advance what the cost would be for the project. He performed the work efficiently and with obvious knowledge of what needed to be done. Chuck is an outstanding representative of Elek Plumbing, and it was great getting to know him.read more
My toilet's fill valve needed to be replaced after breaking on a Saturday evening. I immediately contacted Charlie's Rooter after having had a great experience with them previously with my garbage disposal install. Lulu responded within moments and setup an appointment time that worked for me on Monday. Luis was the plumber that worked on this job. He was on time and extremely kind and professional. Luis went straight to the root of the problem and replaced what needed to be replaced very quickly. Luis was respectful and explained everything he was doing and why. He was even nice enough to look at my bathtub and answered all of my questions. Also, the price was extremely reasonable. I will be recommending them to my neighbors and friends when they need a good, honest plumbing company that doesn't overcharge.
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PVC/CPVC – rigid plastic pipes similar to PVC drain pipes but with thicker walls to deal with municipal water pressure, introduced around 1970. PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride, and it has become a common replacement for metal piping. PVC should be used only for cold water, or for venting. CPVC can be used for hot and cold potable water supply. Connections are made with primers and solvent cements as required by code.[22]
I used Go Green Express Home Services for a minor plastic pipe repair under my kitchen sink...The worker did a great job fixing this minor pipe plastic pipe repair( my original pipe was too short and he needed to extended the pipe and then reconnect). It took him less than 10 minutes to fix. I was first quoted $125 +tax but when the worker went to his truck and spoke to whoever he spoke to at the office, the price rose to $155.10 +tax for a total of $167.10...I thought that was a little too high. Will I use this company again, I Don't Know. It would be helpful if they would have a set price list for jobs (minor repairs, Major repairs etc...), then you as the consumer can see beforehand what the cost maybe and work from there with the company. Minor repairs, Major repairs this company should at least have a set-price list. ..The worker was great and efficient and did a good job on the repair but their prices are a bit costly. And yes, I did write this in their review.

Do you have a clogged drain that won’t go away no matter what you do? Is it driving you crazy? Stop wasting your time with dangerously harsh chemicals that don’t even work! You need to call the professionals at Affordable Rooter Service for immediate assistance and clear that drain once and for all. Our team has specialized equipment and the latest technology to quickly clear any drain that is giving you a problem. More than a decade of experience means we get it done right the first time.


Sometimes have to clean out your drains and sewers. Unlike other areas of your home that you can clean on your own, you usually can't clean out your drain or sewer. Instead, you'll need the help of professionals like us. Sometimes all you need to do to get a clogged drain or line working again is to have it cleaned out. We use a variety of methods to clean out drains and sewers, including hydro water jetting that shoots pressured water through the drain to loosen the blockage. 
Plumbers in Australia have licensing requirements that differ from state to state but it is generally accepted a 4-year apprenticeship with a further minimum experience of 2 years (6 years total) and a further curricular requirement as a benchmark for licensing. Licensed plumbers are also expected to maintain minimum relevant training requirements to maintain their plumbing license
The customer service was top notch! David and Christian were very respectful from the moment they arrived at my home. They were very knowledgeable and honest. Neither tried to upsell me on anything I did not need and they were sure to guide me in the right direction on the repairs that I should have done. They kept me informed on how the progress was going through out the whole process and made me feel very glad to have chosen Elek for my plumbing repairs. A++ overall on the whole experience! The only recommendation I have is that Elek should expand to other states (Michigan).read more
Dean’s Professional Plumbing, Heating & Air is Minneapolis’ premier plumbing and HVAC company, priding itself with over 35 years of combined industry experience. Dean’s plumbing and heating specialists have the knowledge you need to handle all of your HVAC service needs. From installation to repair, Dean’s crew of professional Minneapolis plumbers can do it all!

Keep in mind that a slow drain could be an issue with a plumbing vent, which regulates the air pressure in the pipes. Plumbing vent issues should be handled by a plumber, but if you have debris caught in your drain pipes, then you should be able to fix it with a sink plunger or snaking the drain with a cable auger. You can find these at any hardware store.


Not only plumbers, but good electricians are tough to locate. Finding the ideal workmen for your appliances is harder than ever. The Apache Junction is full of people who claim to be experts. However, getting a fix for your appliances by them is never viable. They provide lousy services. They also charge too much money. Paying such high amount is not sensible if services are poor. The customer can be in confusion in such cases. With Apache Junction Electrician at your doorstep, you can drop the confusion. We provide the best job for all types of appliances.
Apprentice plumber: Apprenticeship programs generally provide the most comprehensive training for novice plumbers. Either union locals and their affiliated companies or nonunion contractor organizations can administer this training. Apprenticeships typically consist of at least three to four years of paid, on-the-job training and some hours of related classroom instruction.

Tree roots, corrosion, and debris buildup can all threaten the healthy function of your home’s drains and sewer lines—that’s why we offer professional rooter service in Vero Beach, FL, to address your home’s plumbing needs quickly and completely. If you think you may be facing a tough clog that needs the attention of a plumber, please visit our website to find out more about our services or to schedule an appointment online. We also encourage you to click through our blog archives to learn more about the factors that can affect your plumbing and how to avoid or address them.
Plumber Apache Junction offers services that are long lasting. To ensure this, we use the best spare parts and devices. The taps that we use are of the finest qualities. All the spares – be it washers or valves – come from the best makers in the country. Hiring us to fix your issues ensures that you get the worth of your money. Other plumbers often do the job for namesake. The leakages become stubborn and come back again and again. Plumber Apache Junction AZ know that no leakage is stubborn. All that you need is to fix it in the right way. This is the strategy that we follow. Plumber Apache Junction fix every issue such that we ensure that it never comes back. With our services, you only pay once and the trouble is gone. You will not have to hire another plumber for the same job again.
Specialized plumbing tools include pipe wrenches, flaring pliers, pipe vise, pipe bending machine, pipe cutter, dies, and joining tools such as soldering torches and crimp tools. New tools have been developed to help plumbers fix problems more efficiently. For example, plumbers use video cameras for inspections of hidden leaks or problems, they use hydro jets, and high pressure hydraulic pumps connected to steel cables for trench-less sewer line replacement.

Occupational employment projections are developed for all states by Labor Market Information (LMI) or individual state Employment Projections offices. All state projections data are available at www.projectionscentral.com. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state. In addition, states may produce projections for areas; there are links to each state’s websites where these data may be retrieved.
Hello I had a plumber do an estimate for me to replace our copper pipes with plastic as we have no existing walls up in our basement yet...pretty basic job... so we figured we could upgrade as we do live in Northern Ontario and it does tend to get quite cold here in the winters.  We dont have any existing problems with our plumbing right now just figured it would be good time to do the job and perhaps change the pipes to 3 quarter inch for faster flow.  Well I never thought in all my life I would get an estimate back that would state $350.00 an hour in labor...yes that is correct $350.00 an hour...estimated 10 hours for the job to be completed.  So he quoted me $3500.00 for labor alone.. not supplies?  Well needless to say I will be happy with my half inch copper pipes and will happily wait for my bathtub to fill up at a slower pace.  Just wanted to know what your thoughts are on this $350.00 an hour quote?  Thank you and enjoy your day.

Most recently they sent Mike out to snake a kitchen sink drain for us. Mike got here earlier than quoted and got the work done quickly so I could get out of work on time and pick up my little boy from daycare. I called them back to give a compliment about Mike. I like to let them know when they do a good job. Mike was really a great guy. I have nothing but good things to say about them. When we have an issue we call them. Their techs are personable and always make the residents laugh. They are clean and well prepared. It is a real stand up operation.

Don’t try to repair, replace, or install faulty or broken plumbing equipment on your own. Hire the top plumbers in town to take care of your needs! We’re capable of detecting the source of the issues fast. Trust us to advise you on the most effective solutions custom-tailored to eliminating them. Our Cincinnati plumbing company always comes prepared with the best tools and equipment. We also provide upfront pricing and money-saving deals and specials to keep more money in your pockets.
Problems with plumbing systems are some of the most troublesome issues homeowners have to deal with. Clogged drains, leaky faucets, no hot water, etc. Fortunately, Atlas Butler is at your service. Call us any time, day or night, weekends or holidays. Emergencies are our specialty. Our qualified technicians are standing by and ready to get your plumbing system back up and running as fast as possible. Most likely the same day.
DUDE!!!! If you need plumbing done. Call. This. Company. I've had 3, count em 3, companies out this week. Flinns was the most honest and reliable. Noah is a great guy and really will watch out for you and your pocket. In a field where a lot of plumbers are money hungry unethical savages, this is like, a SAINT man, real honest and real polite. My only regret was not calling him sooner. Seriously will not look elsewhere again. He really looked out for me. I only hope I can do the same for him if he ever needs anything! Stop reading this review and call already, you will not be sorry!
Gilberto from Elek Plumbing was 'the big three': he was on time, he was highly professional, and he really knows his stuff. He told me what he was doing and why every step of the way, and the biggest treat for me was that he encouraged my curiosity and didn't mind all my questions about how things worked. When issues with plumbing arise in the future, I certainly hope Elek sends Gil to answer my call. Both he and the scheduler were very clear about what I should expect in terms of the work and the cost and I thank them both!read more
“Central Penn Plumbing provided outstanding customer service. On a cold winter Saturday morning, we woke up to a very cold house. I gave Central Penn (Scott) a call and within an hour he had a service technician at our house to address the issue. Not only did they resolve the issue on the weekend, but Scott stopped by later in the week to ensure that things were still ok. Outstanding customer service. Thanks Central Penn Plumbing Services!”
If there’s a plumbing problem in your home, Abacus Plumbing will fix it. Abacus plumbers are background-checked, highly trained, and state licensed; therefore, you’ll be getting a quality technician to service your home’s plumbing network. Abacus plumbers have years of experience repairing residential plumbing systems; there isn’t an issue they have not tackled, including:
Plumber Chandler AZ services are available to all customers throughout the year. You can call Plumber Chandler whenever you are in need. You have our helpline number. Call us and tell us about the issue. Within an hour, our workman will be at your doorstep. You will not have to call us twice. Once we are at your place, we work swiftly. It does not take us more than a day to fix any issue. If we do take longer than that, we return your money. Such is the belief that Chandler Plumber have in our services.

Mr. Plumber is locally owned and operated and is the most client-focused plumbing company in the Indianapolis area. Our team has been providing trusted plumbing service, repair, and installation as well as drain cleaning and sewer repair for over 70 years. We believe that WHO you choose for plumbing service is your most important decision in meeting your home plumbing needs.
Amazon Home Services has a wide variety of plumbing services available to help you create and fix your bathroom, kitchen, sinks, faucets, drains, and even hot water dispensers and under-sink water filtration systems. Find top-notch plumbers through listing on Amazon Home Services to find great plumbing services at competitive prices. You can keep your bathroom in tip-top shape with our Toilet Replacement service, Showerhead Replacement service, Clogged Drain Repair service, and Bathtub Liner.
“Don’t assume that every Mr. Fix-it advertising his services in the local Pennysaver or on Craigslist is a licensed plumber,” says one New York plumber. There is no national standard for issuing licenses. Some plumbers are licensed by the state, others by the counties they work in. Check with your local city hall or chamber of commerce. They should be able to direct you to the appropriate source for a list of licensed plumbers in your area.
Our plumbers are diverse. Plumber Apache Junction AZ keep our team up on their toes. They have years of experience with them, and it keeps increasing by the day. With such experience, we are able to offer a wide array of services. With Apache Junction Plumber, you can get services for installing as well as repairing devices. Our plumbers will never say no for any service. With Plumber Apache Junction AZ, you get all your solutions under one roof. Within a phone call, our plumber will be outside your house. Just show us to the point of trouble, and we will get to our work. No matter what type of issue or building it is – we will do the job for you. You can hire Apache Junction Plumber for:
Plumbers install and repair water, drainage, gas, and other piping systems in homes, businesses, and factories. Plumbers install plumbing fixtures such as bathtubs and toilets, and appliances, such as dishwashers and water heaters. Plumbers also maintain septic systems—the large, underground holding tanks that collect waste from houses that are not connected to a sewer system.
General employment within the construction sector is sensitive to changes in the economy. But job growth for plumbers is projected to be faster than the average for all jobs. New buildings and residences are being built to comply with stricter water efficiency standards and companies housed in older structures are hoping to retrofit to use more energy-efficient systems, so opportunities are in abundance. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there should be a hiring spurt of 16 percent for plumbers by the year 2026, which translates to about 75,800 new jobs.
Galvanized steel potable water supply and distribution pipes are commonly found with nominal pipe sizes from 3⁄8 inch (9.5 mm) to 2 inches (51 mm). It is rarely used today for new construction residential plumbing. Steel pipe has National Pipe Thread (NPT) standard tapered male threads, which connect with female tapered threads on elbows, tees, couplers, valves, and other fittings. Galvanized steel (often known simply as "galv" or "iron" in the plumbing trade) is relatively expensive, and difficult to work with due to weight and requirement of a pipe threader. It remains in common use for repair of existing "galv" systems and to satisfy building code non-combustibility requirements typically found in hotels, apartment buildings and other commercial applications. It is also extremely durable and resistant to mechanical abuse. Black lacquered steel pipe is the most widely used pipe material for fire sprinklers and natural gas.
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