Cast iron and ductile iron pipe was long a lower-cost alternative to copper, before the advent of durable plastic materials but special non-conductive fittings must be used where transitions are to be made to other metallic pipes, except for terminal fittings, in order to avoid corrosion owing to electrochemical reactions between dissimilar metals (see galvanic cell).[17]

Despite the Romans' common use of lead pipes, their aqueducts rarely poisoned people. Unlike other parts of the world where lead pipes cause poisoning, the Roman water had so much calcium in it that a layer of plaque prevented the water contacting the lead itself. What often causes confusion is the large amount of evidence of widespread lead poisoning, particularly amongst those who would have had easy access to piped water.[14] This was an unfortunate result of lead being used in cookware and as an additive to processed food and drink, for example as a preservative in wine.[15] Roman lead pipe inscriptions provided information on the owner to prevent water theft.

Rooter Plumbing Co


Are you 100% satisfied with the quality of the water in your home? It doesn’t matter if you use a private well or if you get your water from the municipal supply. There is no guarantee that your water is going to be of the high quality that you both deserve and demand. That is where our water treatment system professionals come in. When you hire us, we can test your water to determine precisely what’s gone wrong. We can then install the exact type of water treatment system that you need to get the most out of your water supply.
Get a minimum of three bids. Estimates for an average-sized job should be within a few hundred dollars. Be suspicious of anything that is substantially lower or double the price of the rest, and watch out for hidden fees, like charges for travel expenses. They could be signs of a home improvement scam. A good plumber will not nickel and dime you like this, and many of us will offer free estimates.
Few problems are more urgent than a plumbing emergency. We know that normal life can’t resume until we make the repair. Our plumbers are professional tradespeople on-call around the clock. Armed with experience and the right tools, they quickly diagnose the trouble and tackle the job. Apollo is there for you whether you have an emergency during our regular business hours or in the middle of the night for any kind of drain cleaning Portland OR.

I can't say enough good things about Elek Plumbing and the job David Marshall did. We had a flood in our basement due to a clogged out-take pipe. We called Elek because it was a Sunday and they offered emergency service. David showed up quickly and got to work immediately. Not only did he do a fantastic job, but he was friendly and kind as well. Elek's prices were extremely reasonable considering it was an emergency call on a Sunday. I HIGHLY recommend Elek.. ask for David if you can! He's the best!read more
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")[21] out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.[21]

Cast iron and ductile iron pipe was long a lower-cost alternative to copper, before the advent of durable plastic materials but special non-conductive fittings must be used where transitions are to be made to other metallic pipes, except for terminal fittings, in order to avoid corrosion owing to electrochemical reactions between dissimilar metals (see galvanic cell).[17]
Clogged or jammed garbage disposals are some of the easiest repairs to make. You don't even need an extra tool because every new garbage disposal should come with a hex wrench attached to the disposal itself. Your garbage disposal should also come with instructions on how to properly repair the disposal if it gets jammed. Always make sure the power to the disposal is turned off at the source before you attempt any repairs. Make sure you know what types of foods are intended for garbage disposals, and run it as often as you can to prevent clogs or jams.
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")[21] out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.[21]
Water systems of ancient times relied on gravity for the supply of water, using pipes or channels usually made of clay, lead, bamboo, wood, or stone. Hollowed wooden logs wrapped in steel banding were used for plumbing pipes, particularly water mains. Logs were used for water distribution in England close to 500 years ago. US cities began using hollowed logs in the late 1700s through the 1800s. Today, most plumbing supply pipe is made out of steel, copper, and plastic; most waste (also known as "soil")[21] out of steel, copper, plastic, and cast iron.[21]

A rooter service is the best way to combat the multiple commonplace problems of slow and clogged drains that you may experience in your home. A plumber should be contacted when you need this service as the use of a rooter machine is needed to break up the roots in your plumbing and flush them out. It is important that an experienced professional is in control of this machine because it is easy to damage your pipes if it is not used correctly. Rooter service is an important part of plumbing maintenance and you will need to use this service when you have a mysterious clog, a wastewater backup or any other drainage issue.
Affordable Rooter Service responded very quickly after I turned in my trouble report. They kept me updated about the repair tech’s arrival time. He quickly resolved the plumbing stoppage. They were courteous and professional. Their texts included info about the tech’s arrival time & included the tech’s name & his photo. This was extremely helpful also because there are currently news reports about a rapist attacking women in the North Little Rock/Sherwood area where I live. Very pleased.
The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized. PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe for instance, are measured in IPS (iron pipe size). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter. These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings. For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing. 1/2" PVC on the other hand is not the same size as 1/2" tubing, and therefore requires either a threaded male or female adapter to connect them. When used in agricultural irrigation, the singular form "pipe" is often used as a plural.[19]
Mounted under the sink, the garbage disposal is meant for chopping up small bits of waste food.  When switched on the motor spins and impellers — also called lugs — throw bits of food against a grinder ring. You should always run water while using the garbage disposal; once the garbage disposal does its job, the water flushes the finely chopped particles down the drain.
Most plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters learn their trade through a 4- or 5-year apprenticeship. Apprentices typically receive 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training, as well as some classroom instruction, each year. In the classroom, apprentices learn safety, local plumbing codes and regulations, and blueprint reading. They also study mathematics, applied physics, and chemistry. Apprenticeship programs are offered by unions and businesses. Although most workers enter apprenticeships directly, some start out as helpers. The Home Builders Institute offers a pre-apprenticeship training program in plumbing and other trades.
David and his associate were very professional and I must say very tolerant of my many questions, even when they didn't pertain to plumbing. I thought I would be getting an estimate when in fact I got quality service and a functional bathroom. The credit has to go to the technicians and my neighbor Jose who recommended Elek. Shop around if you need to, but for my hard earned I'd recommend Elek anytime.read more
Thanks to Lowe's, making bathroom repairs may not be as difficult as you originally thought. This video should help you fix the running toilet that keeps you up at night, and an always-useful toilet plunger will undoubtedly come in handy. Perhaps it's water heater parts or general plumbing tools you really need. Look to Lowe's for all the popular names like American Standard, AquaSource, Danco, Fluidmaster, Jacuzzi and KOHLER, plus a wide selection of name-brand products and parts including Delta faucets and Delta faucet parts, Moen faucets and Moen faucet parts and KOHLER faucets. Lowe's has you covered when you need a faucet cartridge or faucet aerators, PEX and offers a host of easy-to-use guides, links and videos. Happy repairs!
Prices, promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. 

Depending on how comfortable you are with DIY repairs, you can complete many minor plumbing jobs with the right tools. Many of these include ways to upgrade and save water, which can save you a ton of money in the long run. Some plumbers will even walk you through the steps, especially if you have used their services before. (See also: 5 Household Fixes You Should Stop Paying Others For)

Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently. In addition, most employers require plumbers to have a driver’s license.
I called John, of JD’s Plumbing on a Saturday afternoon, after the hot-water pipe under the bathroom sink blew-out. John was able to contact his tech, Jimmy, who came right out, at the end of his day and fixed the pipe just in time for our guests to arrive and for Jimmy to get to his grandfather’s birthday dinner! He did not have to come out – his...
Proper installation is also important in water devices. Taps, pipes, and faucets need care when you install them. If it is not done correctly, a range of problems can come up. Leakages are often a result of installing through a lousy plumber. With such a low level of expertise, you can never expect the right work. Hiring the right plumbers becomes an important task. But getting such a good plumber does not come easy. The Chandler has many plumbers who are ready to work. The issue is that most of these workmen are novice.
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