Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]
^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
Sometimes you might need your sewer and drain lines inspected. For instance, if your sewage is backed up, then you probably want to determine what the cause is. In instances where we can't physically get to the problem to see what it is, we can use a sewer video camera to go down into your lines and take a video showing us what's the issue then. That way we'll know the appropriate way to deal with it. 
There are few things worse than waiting for a local plumber after being given an 8 hour time window, while your sink is spouting water all over the carpet or your toilet is overflowing. Using the Handy platform, you can arrange an exact time for your plumber to arrive, which means you don’t have to take an entire day off of work to sit around and wait for them. The plumbers on the Handy platform have seen it all and they have the ratings and reviews to prove it.  We’ll match the details of your job with a reliable plumber in your area before you know it.
Most typical single family home systems won't require supply piping larger than 3⁄4 inch (19 mm) due to expense as well as steel piping's tendency to become obstructed from internal rusting and mineral deposits forming on the inside of the pipe over time once the internal galvanizing zinc coating has degraded. In potable water distribution service, galvanized steel pipe has a service life of about 30 to 50 years, although it is not uncommon for it to be less in geographic areas with corrosive water contaminants.
Contact us today so we can get started on your plumbing project. We might not be the first plumber you’ve ever used, but we will be the last one. Once you see the services we offer, you will realize you’ll never need another plumber again. Just put our number in your phone and contact us anytime you need a service. Our Denver technicians will be there in no time at all.
The straight sections of plumbing systems are called "pipes" or "tubes". A pipe is typically formed via casting or welding, whereas a tube is made through extrusion. Pipe normally has thicker walls and may be threaded or welded, while tubing is thinner-walled and requires special joining techniques such as brazing, compression fitting, crimping, or for plastics, solvent welding. These joining techniques are discussed in more detail in the piping and plumbing fittings article.

late 14c. (from c.1100 as a surname), "a worker in any sort of lead" (roofs, gutters, pipes), from Old French plomier "lead-smelter" (Modern French plombier) and directly from Latin plumbarius "worker in lead," noun use of adjective meaning "pertaining to lead," from plumbum "lead" (see plumb (n.)). Meaning focused 19c. on "workman who installs pipes and fittings" as lead water pipes became the principal concern of the trade. In U.S. Nixon administration (1969-74), the name of a special unit for investigation of "leaks" of government secrets.


Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]
Plumber Chandler AZ provide the best plumbers in the Chandler. We hire our team after great care. Each of our plumbers goes through tough background checks. We have a zero-tolerance policy on dishonesty. All our plumbers are reliable and honest. They are simple men with their own families to take care of. This renders them safe for homes as well as offices. We only hire plumbers with a significant period of experience. Plumber Chandler AZ take tests as well to ensure that no one fools us. The result is that plumbers with Plumber Chandler are better than the rest. Our team is formidable. Chandler Plumber experts can fix issues and provide services for all customers with ease.
Need plumbing supplies? We've got everything you need to build an efficient system. Find ball valves for commercial and residential plumbing, filters, filter cartridges and fittings. Looking for an electric or gas hot water heater? We have hundreds, along with all the supplies you need to install them. We carry a complete line of bathroom fixtures, PVC and CPVC tubing. Get all of the industrial plumbing parts and supplies with our inventory.
Plumber Chandler AZ services are available to all customers throughout the year. You can call Plumber Chandler whenever you are in need. You have our helpline number. Call us and tell us about the issue. Within an hour, our workman will be at your doorstep. You will not have to call us twice. Once we are at your place, we work swiftly. It does not take us more than a day to fix any issue. If we do take longer than that, we return your money. Such is the belief that Chandler Plumber have in our services.
Think that by calling for plumbing services you will have to clean up after the work is done? Not when you work with us! At Bud’s Plumbing & Repair Service, our uniformed plumbers arrive at your door with shoe covers and are conscious of the cleanliness of the work area. In fact, once the job is done, you won’t be able to tell we were even there! That’s how clean we leave your property. There is no mess for you to clean up, so you can get back to your normal routine without hassle.
Excellent service! I saw a water leaking out, called the plumber, fixed the damage on the pipes, charged me a fair rate for the job they did, and there are no more leaks. The plumber was efficient and clean during and after doing his job which I totally didn't expect. In case my relatives or friends asked for a plumber, SG1Plumber.com will get my vote! Thanks!
We focus on providing the best client experience possible by doing what’s in your best interest. We hope that you will be impressed with our team and refer us to your family, friends and neighbors when they are in need of plumbing services. We will appreciate the opportunity to earn their trust, and we will send you CAIRfree Rewards as well as provide a discount to the person you refer.
This was our second time using Benjamin Franklin Plumbing. Once again, the plumber arrived on time, was personable and respectful, and did a good job assessing and correcting the problem in each instance. I would definitely recommend Benjamin Franklin for all of your plumbing needs. I want to give a particular shout out to the plumber today, David Brown. He is a huge asset to the company, again, for his knowledge and the respectful way he conducts himself.
I used Flynn's in Dec 2014 right after I purchased a home in Chesterfield and had a "stand still" clogged line to the septic. A young fellow came over, right on time, cleared the septic line, charged a reasonable fee, and we were done. What more can you ask for? I am currently experiencing another issue and will be calling Flynn's again to fix it!
Don’t flush floss, tampons, or even so-called “flushable” wipes. They don’t break down like toilet paper does and can come back to haunt you later. “Toilets are more water-efficient now than they were 20 years ago, so there sometimes isn’t enough volume in the flush to force debris down,” says Marcin Wroblewski, president of ExpressRooter Plumbing in Toronto. “An object will get lodged in the trap and cause blockage when waste builds up days later.”
Hi Ginger, We're sorry you had this experience with a plumber in our network. Have you left the review for the company? We encourage homeowners to share their experiences so others have an honest idea of the company they are hiring. If you would like to speak with a rep regarding your concerns please reach out to [email protected] If you have a review you would like to submit please send it to [email protected] or visit this link: http://www.homeadvisor.com/write-a-review/. -HASupport
Rick’s Plumbing has been a mainstay within New Haven and Fairfield Counties since 1992. As a premier local plumbing service, we have been around for the community to complete any type of job – big or small. We only hire skilled professional plumbers to complete each task for our customers, ensuring the highest level of service is achieved within the shortest time possible. Whether you are looking for plumbing service or heating service, we’ve got you covered.
The movement of liquids and gases through pipes is critical to modern life. In homes, water is needed for both drinking and sanitation. In factories, chemicals are moved to aid in product manufacturing. In power plants, steam is moved to drive turbines that generate electricity. Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters install and repair these pipe systems.
Affordable Rooter Service responded very quickly after I turned in my trouble report. They kept me updated about the repair tech’s arrival time. He quickly resolved the plumbing stoppage. They were courteous and professional. Their texts included info about the tech’s arrival time & included the tech’s name & his photo. This was extremely helpful also because there are currently news reports about a rapist attacking women in the North Little Rock/Sherwood area where I live. Very pleased.
I have no problem paying for any service I receive but when Allied Reddi-Rooter came into my home and immediately tell me and them tell me it would cost me 350.00 for them to install a new Rheem water heater (his recommendation) that cost 409.00 I have a problem. If the cost is exactly how Home Advisor indicates then he’s charging 350.00an hour.  I did my homework checked with other plumbers and it. Would not take an hour to remove old and install the new water heater. Thank Goodness I did my research won’t be using their services and I will be letting others know what happen to me. Shame on you Allied
Problems with plumbing systems are some of the most troublesome issues homeowners have to deal with. Clogged drains, leaky faucets, no hot water, etc. Fortunately, Atlas Butler is at your service. Call us any time, day or night, weekends or holidays. Emergencies are our specialty. Our qualified technicians are standing by and ready to get your plumbing system back up and running as fast as possible. Most likely the same day.
Apache Junction Plumber cares about nothing but the customer. We always make sure that you get the best services at the cheapest prices. Our plumbers strive to provide the best solution to you. We do this while ensuring that you do not pay a hefty amount. When you hire Plumber Apache Junction AZ, you get the ideal solutions for all your issues. Be it a leaking pipe or a drain with damage – we are here for you. With our expert’s services, you can get a fix for that leakage in no time. Once our plumber fixes it, it will never be a trouble to you again. Such is the reliability of Apache Junction Plumber services.
Electrician Chandler AZ services are available for not only new devices, but repairs also. We provide excellent repair services for electric appliances. Our technicians know all devices inside-out. We can provide services like no other technician. With Electrician Chandler repairs, an appliance will never give you the same trouble again. Wiring faults are the forte of our technicians. No matter what type of issue it is, you can give us a call. We handle wires in a safe and reliable way. When we do the job, you can be sure of the safety of your family. There will be no hazard and no relapse. Chandler Electrician fixes the issues in the ideal manner.
Delk Plumbing of Summerville, SC is a residential and commercial plumber serving Ladson, Hanahan, Goose Creek, Moncks Corner, North Charleston, Charleston, West Ashley, Mount Pleasant, Daniel Island, Ridgeville, Knightsville, and Ravenel. Our residential plumbing services include pin hole leaks, slab leaks, faucet repair, tankless water heaters, toilet replacement, drain pipe repair, tub repair, bathroom faucet repair, kitchen faucet repair, garbage disposals, and many other plumbing repairs. We also serve commercial clients with DHEC, new construction, renovations, and much more. As an added service to our customers, we now offer HVAC services. Call us for all of your heating and air conditioning needs. We provide installation for new heating and cooling equipment, as well as service and repair on all major brands.
Rooter service is designed to solve the commonplace problems of slow and clogged drains. Clogs and blockages can affect your plumbing in many ways, depending on the type of clog and where it is located. A clog inside one of your home’s drains will typically only affect the appliance or fixture nearest its location; these clogs are often comprised of organic debris such as food scraps, hair, and soap scum. Alternatively, a larger clog blocking your home’s sewer line may show different symptoms, such as widespread drainage issues in several areas of your home or minor backups in tubs and showers when a toilet is flushed or your washing machine runs. In severe cases, you may experience wastewater backups that flood your home, causing damage and exposing family members to untreated sewage. Sewer clogs can also be due to debris buildup or non-flushable items in the pipes, or may instead be caused by tree roots invading and growing into your sewer line in search of water, forming a living, growing clog that cannot be removed without the help of your professional rooter service.
Drawing from more than a century of experience, Elek continues to provide Allentown, Bethlehem and Easton with exceptional service, knowledgeable support and a friendly smile. At Elek, our ultimate goal is not only to serve the customers who need us today but to partner with their families throughout generations to come. We realize the only way to accomplish this goal is by earning the community’s trust and building confidence in our guaranteed quality, dependability and professionalism.

Mr. Plumber in not only a traditional plumbing company, but we also have water treatment experts on our team who are trained in analyzing your home’s water and recommending options to improve your water quality. Whatever the problem, from hard water to PH levels to total dissolved solids (TDS), we can recommend the best products for you. Our services, material, and workmanship are guaranteed in writing. So, when you need a plumber, call Mr. Plumber… Night or Day!
"We had both our AC units serviced by John from One Hour Heating & Air Conditioning. He was thorough and professional. We are very satisfied with everything we've had done with One Hour Heating & Air Conditioning and will continue to use them exclusively in the future. Their technicians are always professional, courteous and do a great job. We recommend One Hour to everyone." - Read More Reviews

Hello I had a plumber do an estimate for me to replace our copper pipes with plastic as we have no existing walls up in our basement yet...pretty basic job... so we figured we could upgrade as we do live in Northern Ontario and it does tend to get quite cold here in the winters.  We dont have any existing problems with our plumbing right now just figured it would be good time to do the job and perhaps change the pipes to 3 quarter inch for faster flow.  Well I never thought in all my life I would get an estimate back that would state $350.00 an hour in labor...yes that is correct $350.00 an hour...estimated 10 hours for the job to be completed.  So he quoted me $3500.00 for labor alone.. not supplies?  Well needless to say I will be happy with my half inch copper pipes and will happily wait for my bathtub to fill up at a slower pace.  Just wanted to know what your thoughts are on this $350.00 an hour quote?  Thank you and enjoy your day.
Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Montreal and Boston in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.

Think that by calling for plumbing services you will have to clean up after the work is done? Not when you work with us! At Bud’s Plumbing & Repair Service, our uniformed plumbers arrive at your door with shoe covers and are conscious of the cleanliness of the work area. In fact, once the job is done, you won’t be able to tell we were even there! That’s how clean we leave your property. There is no mess for you to clean up, so you can get back to your normal routine without hassle.
Whatever your preference and price point, there’s a tub to sooth. That’s, of course, if you want a bathtub. Many homeowners — particularly those who don’t have young children living with them — have thrown the tub out with the bath water in favor of installing a walk-in shower. Just make sure to consider the pros and cons of tub to shower conversions.
This information is not intended as an offer to sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy, a franchise. It is for information purposes only. Read More Currently, the following states regulate the offer and sale of franchises: California, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin. If you are a resident of or want to locate a franchise in one of these states, we will not offer you a franchise unless and until we have complied with applicable pre-sale registration and disclosure requirements in your state. Read Less Mr. Rooter is a registered trademark of Mr. Rooter LLC Copyright © 2017 Mr. Rooter, All rights reserved. All Mr. Rooter Plumbing Franchise Locations Are Independently Owned And Operated.
Need a quick fix? After having a plumber come out to your house, they might tell you the part needed to fix your toilet or sink issue is going to take a week. Don’t be too amenable if you can’t wait. There’s no shame in working with another plumber who can get the part and do the job when you need it. If you’re doing the job yourself, be sure you know these tips for completing a plumbing fix like a pro.
Payment schedule: On a big job, especially a planned remodeling, the service provider may want the customer to pay 10 to 15 percent of the cost up front and 50 percent paid before the job is completed — especially if expensive materials need to be purchased for the project. Make sure you know what is expected. If you're suspicious, contact your state's professional licensing board or contracting board to ask about local standards. Many states set limits on what is allowed to be paid upfront.

At Oscar's Plumbing & Rooter Service, we deliver speedy and reliable plumbing services at reasonable rates. We handle a variety of jobs, from garbage disposals to water mains and water heaters. It’s important to have the job done right the first time! Expert installation the first time can result in fewer repairs and money saved over time. Call Oscar's Plumbing & Rooter Service – we do the job right, and we get there right away!


 CON'T FROM COMMENTS EARLIER.  However,  the  installation took less than 3/4/ hour and was a basic regulator with no other function.  Looking up the price afterwards, invoice did not list type or price, it appears that it would have cost me around $60 for the regulator and another $15 or so for the additional supplies necessary to install it and it was really a rather simple job with easy access.    Given that, it seems that $300 for less that  an hours worth of on site work,  company says it does not include commute time in its prices, is a little high.  While flat rate quotes are nice, they must take into consideration situations where the work load differs depending on the circumstances.  Therefore, unless you are at the upper end of the harder work needed than the average job. it can be argued that my estimated price of $300 for labor was more than a little high.  Maybe I am wrong since I have not used their services for years and  am not knowledgeable of the costs of equipment and professional labor today.  

Most states and localities require plumbers to be licensed. Although licensing requirements vary, most states and localities require workers to have 2 to 5 years of experience and to pass an exam that shows their knowledge of the trade and of local plumbing codes before they are permitted to work independently. In addition, most employers require plumbers to have a driver’s license.
AC Repair Apache Junction AZ offers the best AC services. You can come to us with any issue. We will surely have a solution for you. Our team has expert AC workmen. They have experience of several years. Apache Junction Ac Repair has a customer first policy. With these two virtues, we become the best service for you. Our technicians provide services that last. Once Ac Repair Apache Junction AZ experts repair your AC, the issue is gone for long. You will never have a trouble by the same issue again.
Are you 100% satisfied with the quality of the water in your home? It doesn’t matter if you use a private well or if you get your water from the municipal supply. There is no guarantee that your water is going to be of the high quality that you both deserve and demand. That is where our water treatment system professionals come in. When you hire us, we can test your water to determine precisely what’s gone wrong. We can then install the exact type of water treatment system that you need to get the most out of your water supply.
We have been around for nearly a century! Established in 1920, Bud’s Plumbing & Repair Service knows the exact needs of Evansville residents and commercial property managers. We know what products work best with certain properties, which solutions will give you the best value for your money, and what you can do to prevent the same problem from recurring.
Think that by calling for plumbing services you will have to clean up after the work is done? Not when you work with us! At Bud’s Plumbing & Repair Service, our uniformed plumbers arrive at your door with shoe covers and are conscious of the cleanliness of the work area. In fact, once the job is done, you won’t be able to tell we were even there! That’s how clean we leave your property. There is no mess for you to clean up, so you can get back to your normal routine without hassle.

When a plumbing emergency strikes, you need dependable and quick service from a licensed, reputable Dallas plumber. Regardless of whether your emergency is a burst pipe that is causing water to flood into your home, a sewer line clog resulting in a backup of wastewater, or a gas leak; you can rely on a fast response from the licensed professionals at Baker Brothers Plumbing, Air Conditioning & Electrical. Our technicians are on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
PBT – flexible (usually gray or black) plastic pipe which is attached to barbed fittings and secured in place with a copper crimp ring. The primary manufacturer of PBT tubing and fittings was driven into bankruptcy by a class-action lawsuit over failures of this system.[citation needed] However, PB and PBT tubing has since returned to the market and codes, typically first for "exposed locations" such as risers.
Few problems are more urgent than a plumbing emergency. We know that normal life can’t resume until we make the repair. Our plumbers are professional tradespeople on-call around the clock. Armed with experience and the right tools, they quickly diagnose the trouble and tackle the job. Apollo is there for you whether you have an emergency during our regular business hours or in the middle of the night for any kind of drain cleaning Portland OR.
Awesome experience with Charlie's Rooter Service! Our outside area drains were overflowing when it rained and about to flood toward the house.  I called Charlie's and they had Luis come over within an hour.  Luis was super friendly and ready to help when he arrived.  He figured out the problem and snaked the street drain and pulled out a huge clump of roots that were clogging it up!  But there was still some backup flooding on the side that he was able to isolate to get rid of the mud and debris that were clogging that up.  Before leaving, Luis even gave suggestions on how to flush it out periodically to keep things flowing smoothly.  Luis is the best and I would definitely use him for future plumbing problems, highly recommended!
Affordable Rooter Service responded very quickly after I turned in my trouble report. They kept me updated about the repair tech’s arrival time. He quickly resolved the plumbing stoppage. They were courteous and professional. Their texts included info about the tech’s arrival time & included the tech’s name & his photo. This was extremely helpful also because there are currently news reports about a rapist attacking women in the North Little Rock/Sherwood area where I live. Very pleased.
Whether you need basic plumbing maintenance, or are looking to hire a plumber to create your dream kitchen—or bath, Amazon Home Services has listings of the best professional plumbers to help get you there. Sit back, and let an expert take care of the Clogged Drain Repair, Garbage Disposal Replacement, Showerhead Replacement, Leaky Faucet, Sink Replacement, or Toilet Replacement—and watch your kitchen and bath dreams come to life.
I can't say enough good things about Elek Plumbing and the job David Marshall did. We had a flood in our basement due to a clogged out-take pipe. We called Elek because it was a Sunday and they offered emergency service. David showed up quickly and got to work immediately. Not only did he do a fantastic job, but he was friendly and kind as well. Elek's prices were extremely reasonable considering it was an emergency call on a Sunday. I HIGHLY recommend Elek.. ask for David if you can! He's the best!read more
Neves Plumbing Service, LLC is your answer to all your plumbing and heating needs. Whether you are a homeowner looking to fix your leaking faucet, malfunctioning heating system, hot water supply, etc. or a contractor looking to start your next project, our professional and reliable team can ensure a higher level of satisfaction for all of your plumbing and heating needs.
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