Plumbing originated during ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Roman, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cities as they developed public baths and needed to provide potable water and wastewater removal, for larger numbers of people.[6] Standardized earthen plumbing pipes with broad flanges making use of asphalt for preventing leakages appeared in the urban settlements of the Indus Valley Civilization by 2700 BC.[7] The Romans used lead pipe inscriptions to prevent water theft. The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.[8] The Latin for lead is plumbum. Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes[9] and some were also covered with lead. Lead was also used for piping and for making baths.[10]


Mr. Rooter® Plumbing is the go-to plumber for homeowners across the country. Why? Our plumbing contractors provide courteous, friendly, affordable, and effective residential plumbing services. We take our mission to exceed our customers’ expectations seriously! From on-time arrivals to licensed and certified plumbing experts, we make sure homeowners are getting the very best plumbing services. You can have total peace of mind and confidence when you call on us! We stand behind our work and go the extra mile to get the job done quickly so you can get back to enjoying your home.

The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized. PVC pipe for plumbing applications and galvanized steel pipe for instance, are measured in IPS (iron pipe size). Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter. These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings. For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing. 1/2" PVC on the other hand is not the same size as 1/2" tubing, and therefore requires either a threaded male or female adapter to connect them. When used in agricultural irrigation, the singular form "pipe" is often used as a plural.[19]
“I have used Central Penn for many repairs/installs over the last 15 years. They have always responded in a prompt manner and I found their people to be very friendly, efficient and competent in diagnosing and repairing any issues I had, whether related to plumbing or HVAC. Furthermore, which you can’t take for granted these days, the guys are very respectful of your home and are careful in their work and thoroughly clean up after the job is completed.”

Rooter service is designed to solve the commonplace problems of slow and clogged drains. Clogs and blockages can affect your plumbing in many ways, depending on the type of clog and where it is located. A clog inside one of your home’s drains will typically only affect the appliance or fixture nearest its location; these clogs are often comprised of organic debris such as food scraps, hair, and soap scum. Alternatively, a larger clog blocking your home’s sewer line may show different symptoms, such as widespread drainage issues in several areas of your home or minor backups in tubs and showers when a toilet is flushed or your washing machine runs. In severe cases, you may experience wastewater backups that flood your home, causing damage and exposing family members to untreated sewage. Sewer clogs can also be due to debris buildup or non-flushable items in the pipes, or may instead be caused by tree roots invading and growing into your sewer line in search of water, forming a living, growing clog that cannot be removed without the help of your professional rooter service.


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You’ve found the right place for complete commercial and residential plumbing service and repair. With 29 years serving thousands of satisfied customers, Oscar's Plumbing & Rooter Service is proud to provide state-of-the-art plumbing repairs and installation. Whether you have a new home project you’re undertaking or have an emergency repair situation, you can count on us to provide top quality service and workmanship that lasts. We specialize in sewer repairs.

General employment within the construction sector is sensitive to changes in the economy. But job growth for plumbers is projected to be faster than the average for all jobs. New buildings and residences are being built to comply with stricter water efficiency standards and companies housed in older structures are hoping to retrofit to use more energy-efficient systems, so opportunities are in abundance. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there should be a hiring spurt of 16 percent for plumbers by the year 2026, which translates to about 75,800 new jobs.
Assuming that you do not heat water over an open fire when you want to shower or do the dishes, you probably use a modern water heater in your home. If this is the case, you know just how convenient this particular appliance can make your day-to-day life. When you are ready to have a new water heater installed in your home, or if you need a water heater repaired or just tuned up, call one of our team members. We’ll make sure that you are able to heat water for use throughout your home with the reliability and the efficiency that you deserve.

Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.


Apache Junction Plumber cares about nothing but the customer. We always make sure that you get the best services at the cheapest prices. Our plumbers strive to provide the best solution to you. We do this while ensuring that you do not pay a hefty amount. When you hire Plumber Apache Junction AZ, you get the ideal solutions for all your issues. Be it a leaking pipe or a drain with damage – we are here for you. With our expert’s services, you can get a fix for that leakage in no time. Once our plumber fixes it, it will never be a trouble to you again. Such is the reliability of Apache Junction Plumber services.
There’s often an Allen wrench that comes with the garbage disposal. I keep it under the sink. When the thing jams, follow the directions in the manual, and I won’t need to come out. Another plumbing tip, don’t believe the myth about putting lemon peels in the disposal to make it smell better. That will just make it jam faster.  These are the things you should never pour down the drain.

The trick to caulking tubs and showers is using the right type of caulk. There are many different kinds of caulk out there that are used for home repair, from filling cracks in drywall to sealing off plumbing appliances. Make sure you check the label, and only get caulk that is designed for tubs and showers, or ask someone at the hardware store for help. Go for quality when you purchase a caulking gun. They aren't that expensive, and they are easier to use and last longer.
The next day, I had an unrelated incident with a sprinkler valve inlet pipe rupturing, due to corrosion (galvanized pipe. Since this situation caused me to lose water service to the house, Charlie sent someone over that day to do an emergency cap off. It was then explained what could be done to provide a permanent fix (basically replacing the old galvanized pipe and creating a new sprinkler valve manifold). A quote was given and the full repair was scheduled for the following day. All is good now, and the job came out $120 below the estimate.

Roto-Rooter plumbers can solve all types of commercial toilet problems, including clogged toilets, leaking toilets, constantly running water, cracked tanks and bowls, toilets that don't flush, and water pressure issues. Our licensed professionals can also repair, replace or relocate pipes associated with commercial toilets. Our plumbers work to ensure that manufacturer's standards are met or exceeded when servicing your industrial or commercial toilets.


hi my name is Japaul your handy service man experience in residential properties also attended a trade school and have wide variety of skill to offer. Certified ( EPA 609) aka HVAC certified heating and cooling drywall repair appliance repair/installs electrical work and light plumbing your friendly professional that you can trust even when you're not home
After completing an apprenticeship program, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters are considered to be journey workers, qualifying them to perform duties on their own. Plumbers with several years of plumbing experience may earn master status by passing an exam. Some states require a business to employ a master plumber in order to obtain a plumbing contractor’s license.

Faucets for the kitchen come in an array of styles, and costs vary as well, from simple single handle models running less than $50 to pull down faucets like those used in restaurant kitchens costing more than $200. One handle or two, separate pullout sprayer or pull down, countertop or wall mount, these also feature a variety of finishes from stainless steel to nickel and bronze.
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