Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Montreal and Boston in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
If you are looking for an honest plumbing company, this is the place. Easy to schedule, and they use excellent parts. We have tried three other area companies over the years, and all left us feeling ripped off. I had to actually block one of the other companies from calling every month for 'specials'. The work ELEK has done for us is perfect. This is a really nice group of service techs, they don't try to sell you things you don't need. the home inspection is worth the money.read more

I thought that my sump pump had ended its life and needed to be replaced. The contractor I found through Home Adviser came out the following day and arrived reasonably promptly.  The technician tested the pump and it wasn't responding. He then checked the  breaker panel and all seemed well. However he checked to see if power was reaching the outlet, it wasn't so he tripped some breakers and reset them and the power to my pump came on and the pump works so a replacement wasn't necessary. He charged $75.00 which I think was reasonable for a call-out fee and time spent.


My plumbing experience was  to have the plumbing  disconnected under the sink so the counter top and new sink could be installed.  I thought the service  of $115 was high, but usually if there is an additional fees, it is usually rolled into the cost of repairs or labor.  This company also charged 3.75 % for putting it on a credit card, which was not mentioned until I received the invoice in the mail after paying on the phone.

Drawing from more than a century of experience, Elek continues to provide Allentown, Bethlehem and Easton with exceptional service, knowledgeable support and a friendly smile. At Elek, our ultimate goal is not only to serve the customers who need us today but to partner with their families throughout generations to come. We realize the only way to accomplish this goal is by earning the community’s trust and building confidence in our guaranteed quality, dependability and professionalism.
^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.
Whatever your preference and price point, there’s a tub to sooth. That’s, of course, if you want a bathtub. Many homeowners — particularly those who don’t have young children living with them — have thrown the tub out with the bath water in favor of installing a walk-in shower. Just make sure to consider the pros and cons of tub to shower conversions.

With all the freezing weather our city has had, my dad had a problem with his water pipes and I told him to call BL plumbing service. From the first phone call he made, the company gave him the most remarkable customer service. The dispatcher promptly made an appointment for him and within a couple of hours 2 workers were at his home working on the problem and fixing his pipes! The workers were very kind, helpful and extremely courteous to my dad. Not only was the work done quickly, but also, the cost of the repair was more than fair. I am so grateful for the service that was given to my dad and I will highly recommend this company to anyone needing plumbing work.
Molds and mildew live and enjoy in a hot, humid, and unclean environment. These three are the best descriptions of a bathroom without proper ventilation. You need to install an exhaust fan in your bathroom so that it can remove the humidity and bad odor inside your bathroom. Exhaust fan installation is essential to prevent mold buildup in this part of your house.
Garbage disposers usually come with an Allen key. Find a good place to store it, and when the disposer jams, you can follow the directions in the owner’s manual to fix it yourself. It’s as simple as inserting and twisting, and doing this yourself will save you the hassle and cash of a service call to the plumber. Speaking of tool storage, check out these clever tool storage ideas.

Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.
The Home Depot has a wide selection of high-quality plumbing parts including sump pumps, water heaters, HVAC systems, pipes and much more. The Home Depot even has eco-friendly plumbing options to help you save money and live green. If you need professional advice or installation assistance with any of your plumbing projects, turn to The Home Depot to help you finish your plumbing project. 
Don’t flush floss, tampons, or even so-called “flushable” wipes. They don’t break down like toilet paper does and can come back to haunt you later. “Toilets are more water-efficient now than they were 20 years ago, so there sometimes isn’t enough volume in the flush to force debris down,” says Marcin Wroblewski, president of ExpressRooter Plumbing in Toronto. “An object will get lodged in the trap and cause blockage when waste builds up days later.”

The trick to caulking tubs and showers is using the right type of caulk. There are many different kinds of caulk out there that are used for home repair, from filling cracks in drywall to sealing off plumbing appliances. Make sure you check the label, and only get caulk that is designed for tubs and showers, or ask someone at the hardware store for help. Go for quality when you purchase a caulking gun. They aren't that expensive, and they are easier to use and last longer.
Neves Plumbing Service, LLC is your answer to all your plumbing and heating needs. Whether you are a homeowner looking to fix your leaking faucet, malfunctioning heating system, hot water supply, etc. or a contractor looking to start your next project, our professional and reliable team can ensure a higher level of satisfaction for all of your plumbing and heating needs.
Plumbers may not go out of their way to let you know that a toilet or sink can be moved. But if you’ve been working with them on a renovation, and they tell you something can’t be transferred to a new space, ask them to explain to you in detail why not. Speaking of things people don’t want to tell you, here are 10 things your neighbor isn’t being up-front about.
Plumbing fixtures are exchangeable devices using water that can be connected to a building's plumbing system. They are considered to be "fixtures", in that they are semi-permanent parts of buildings, not usually owned or maintained separately. Plumbing fixtures are seen by and designed for the end-users. Some examples of fixtures include water closets[32] (also known as toilets), urinals, bidets, showers, bathtubs, utility and kitchen sinks, drinking fountains, ice makers, humidifiers, air washers, fountains, and eye wash stations.

When the time comes to schedule any plumbing, drain and sewer, water treatment or testing, water heater, or commercial plumbing services in Kansas City, MO, you should call our number. We offer a diverse selection of services, but would also never dream of compromising our quality of service for quantity’s sake. Give us a call today to learn more about all that we can do for you.

I think it is rather rude and a bit dishonest for people to not divulge their total fees upfront, an of course we should know to ask. But the normal person wouldn't know the questions to ask until they are burnt once like this, and then there still could be costs for walking up stairs or charge another service call if they need to go somewhere to use the bathroom and come back. THAT ISN'T A QUESTION I WOULD THINK TO ASK.
Howard County Plumbing Service is a family owned and operated plumbing service company headquartered in Eldersburg, Maryland. We are a full service plumbing company with 25 years of experience and provide 24 hour Emergency Service Monday through Friday after 5pm. We limit our emergency service availability as we believe in the importance of quality time spent with our families. Our team is dedicated to providing our customers with prompt, courteous and professional service. Our goal is to build ongoing relationships with our customers by providing top notch service with the utmost respect for our customers and their homes/businesses. We aren't satisfied until our customers are satisfied.
Rooter service was invented to solve the simple problem of tree roots breaking into and clogging underground sewer lines. The original rooter machine was built from a washing machine motor and roller skate wheels, which moved a long steel cable through underground pipes to clear away invading tree roots. This device became the design foundation of the modern-day plumber’s snake, which is a hand-cranked or motor-driven cable used to break up or pull up clogging material in a sewer or other drainage pipe. While snakes are still used in many rooter service visits, other tools such as root-killing chemicals and hydro-jetting may also be used alone or in combination to address serious drain clogs that cause poor drain performance or complete sewage backups. Additionally, your rooter service may also include pipe repair in cases where your pipes have been corroded or damaged, leading to leaks as well as clogs and drainage issues.
You probably don’t realize how much you have come to depend on your plumbing system on a daily basis. Running a bath, brushing your teeth, boiling water to cook vegetables or grains, running the dishwasher, washing your white clothes, flushing the toilet—the list could go on and on. Most would have difficulty going one day without a modern plumbing system. At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, our plumbers have been serving our community for nearly 15 years. We offer professional plumbing services throughout the Des Moines, IA area, including installation, replacement, repair, and installation. From grease traps, sump pumps, toilets and garbage disposal units to water heaters, gas piping and bathroom remodeling, we offer a wide range of quality products and services. We offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee and we’re available 24/7 in case something goes wrong after hours. As one of the most important aspects of your home, your plumbing system should be taken care of by a professional plumber. Contact us to discuss your options.

I called BL Plumbing when a small leak started coming out of my shower. They responded quickly and Billy arrived in the afternoon. He diagnosed the problem and proposed a solution including cost. I approved and he went straight to work. Within the hour, the problem was resolved. Billy recommended work that was needed to reduce water pressure for the entire house. I approved the work including cost and Billy had that problem fixed quickly and efficiently. A small leak in the pipe below the shower led to a much needed home improvement. As we finished, Billy and I discussed potential future work and issues regarding maintenance concerning the overall projects completed that day. The entire process was a very positive experience.


Rick’s Plumbing has been a mainstay within New Haven and Fairfield Counties since 1992. As a premier local plumbing service, we have been around for the community to complete any type of job – big or small. We only hire skilled professional plumbers to complete each task for our customers, ensuring the highest level of service is achieved within the shortest time possible. Whether you are looking for plumbing service or heating service, we’ve got you covered.
^ Jump up to: a b Joseph O. Falkinham III; Elizabeth D. Hilborn; Matthew J. Arduino; Amy Pruden; Marc A. Edwards (August 2015). "Epidemiology and Ecology of Opportunistic Premises Plumbing Pathogens: Legionella pneumophila, Mycobacterium avium, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa". Environ Health Perspectives;. 123 (8). doi:10.1289/ehp.1408692. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved August 1, 2015.

Premier level plumbing solutions are right in your neighborhood. Bud’s Plumbing & Repair Service is your local Evansville, IN plumber specializing in full-service solutions at honest, upfront prices. In fact, we are the only plumbing company in the area offering upfront pricing. This means no surprises at the end! Want to see what your neighbors think of our services? Click here to read their reviews.
Prices, promotions, styles, and availability may vary. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted.
When a person has a blockage in their sewage system they often try to fix it themselves by adding an acid or a base such as Drano in an attempt to dissolve or dislodge the problem. These chemicals can get into the plumbers eyes [14] when the sewage is splashed during the repair. The plumbers skin during the repair does come into contact with the sewage water.[15] The owner of the toilet might not report to the plumber they have already tried Drano a highly caustic base .
I have no problem paying for any service I receive but when Allied Reddi-Rooter came into my home and immediately tell me and them tell me it would cost me 350.00 for them to install a new Rheem water heater (his recommendation) that cost 409.00 I have a problem. If the cost is exactly how Home Advisor indicates then he’s charging 350.00an hour.  I did my homework checked with other plumbers and it. Would not take an hour to remove old and install the new water heater. Thank Goodness I did my research won’t be using their services and I will be letting others know what happen to me. Shame on you Allied

Big or small, BEST Plumbing Service of Cincinnati handles it all! We strive to handle every project with the highest level of excellence. Our Cincinnati plumbing company has eliminated thousands of plumbing headaches from the residential and commercial property owners we serve. When you’re in need of a plumbing repair, replacement, a new installation or routine maintenance, we’re the plumbers to call. We stand behind the excellent work we do for our customers. Watch this video to learn more about our services.
Not only plumbers, but good electricians are tough to locate. Finding the ideal workmen for your appliances is harder than ever. The Apache Junction is full of people who claim to be experts. However, getting a fix for your appliances by them is never viable. They provide lousy services. They also charge too much money. Paying such high amount is not sensible if services are poor. The customer can be in confusion in such cases. With Apache Junction Electrician at your doorstep, you can drop the confusion. We provide the best job for all types of appliances.
Plumber Apache Junction offers services that are long lasting. To ensure this, we use the best spare parts and devices. The taps that we use are of the finest qualities. All the spares – be it washers or valves – come from the best makers in the country. Hiring us to fix your issues ensures that you get the worth of your money. Other plumbers often do the job for namesake. The leakages become stubborn and come back again and again. Plumber Apache Junction AZ know that no leakage is stubborn. All that you need is to fix it in the right way. This is the strategy that we follow. Plumber Apache Junction fix every issue such that we ensure that it never comes back. With our services, you only pay once and the trouble is gone. You will not have to hire another plumber for the same job again.

If you’re looking for a plumber in Des Moines, then you need to make sure that you receive quality customer service at all times. This means courteousness and a friendly demeanor, it means arriving on time and leaving no mess behind. It should not matter whether you’re having a routine check–up on your water heater or a comprehensive whole–house repiping, you and your home should always be treated with respect. In addition to a great reputation for customer service, you may also want to make sure that your plumber backs up his work with a solid satisfaction guarantee. At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, we offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee as well as upfront pricing so that we can go over exactly what you’ll be paying before we even get started.


Luke and Seng were wonderful. Water not draining is troubling for any homeowner. Both were very professional and comforting as they assessed and worked to correct my problem. I was alarmed when is was not a quick fix but they made the extra effort to correct my problem so no concrete floor is being wrapped up today. Benjamin Franklin plumbing is on at the top of my list.
You can call us for a range of services. Whenever you are in need of a plumber, do not hesitate and give us a call. Sometimes, the customer gets confusion that whether the issue at hand is for a plumber to fix or not. Do not ponder in such cases. Give us a call. Let us decide whether we can handle the issue or not. With our experts, we will surely have a solution for you. You can give Chandler Plumber a call for anything related to:
Most large cities today pipe solid wastes to sewage treatment plants in order to separate and partially purify the water, before emptying into streams or other bodies of water. For potable water use, galvanized iron piping was commonplace in the United States from the late 1800s until around 1960. After that period, copper piping took over, first soft copper with flared fittings, then with rigid copper tubing utilizing soldered fittings.
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