Plumbing reached its early apex in ancient Rome, which saw the introduction of expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal, and widespread use of lead pipes. With the Fall of Rome both water supply and sanitation stagnated—or regressed—for well over 1,000 years. Improvement was very slow, with little effective progress made until the growth of modern densely populated cities in the 1800s. During this period, public health authorities began pressing for better waste disposal systems to be installed, to prevent or control epidemics of disease. Earlier, the waste disposal system had merely consisted of collecting waste and dumping it on the ground or into a river. Eventually the development of separate, underground water and sewage systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools.
My Mom is in her eightys. I called a plumber in Aug 2012, replaced the McDonnell/Miller LWCO low water cut off 47/2 $675.. Same plumber was called Jan 8,2013 back. He trouble shoot the problem and replaced the same unit, yet I still have the problem. After the heat come on for about 15 mins/ goes off.the pipes connecting to the MM LOCO the vibrating starts, shakes, and makes a loud noise. The boiler is steam, I know it's old. Do I call the same plumber or call someone differently?
Present-day water-supply systems use a network of high-pressure pumps, and pipes in buildings are now made of copper,[25] brass, plastic (particularly cross-linked polyethylene called PEX, which is estimated to be used in 60% of single-family homes[26]), or other nontoxic material. Due to its toxicity, most cities moved away from lead water-supply piping by the 1920s in the United States,[27] although lead pipes were approved by national plumbing codes into the 1980s,[28] and lead was used in plumbing solder for drinking water until it was banned in 1986.[27] Drain and vent lines are made of plastic, steel, cast-iron, or lead.[29][30]
Whether you're remodeling your bathroom or just updating old fixtures, replacing a toilet can be a big job if you've never done it before. If you aren't feeling confident about completing a toilet installation yourself, or if you uncover any bathroom plumbing problems during your remodel, Roto-Rooter plumbers are available to help you out. A licensed, experienced Roto-Rooter plumber can expedite replacing the toilet, address any other bathroom repairs, and ensure that the job is done right.

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I have had a great experience all around with this company.  A polite, knowledgeable lady answered my call, then told me she could have someone out between 10:00 AM and 12:00 noon.  Ramon arrived at 10:00 sharp.  Perfect!  Ramon is a fine man -- personable, polite, knowledgeable, and a hard worker.  He unstopped my drain in no time flat.  No drama.  No surprises.  Just good, old-fashioned quality service.
You probably don’t realize how much you have come to depend on your plumbing system on a daily basis. Running a bath, brushing your teeth, boiling water to cook vegetables or grains, running the dishwasher, washing your white clothes, flushing the toilet—the list could go on and on. Most would have difficulty going one day without a modern plumbing system. At Golden Rule Plumbing, Heating & Cooling, our plumbers have been serving our community for nearly 15 years. We offer professional plumbing services throughout the Des Moines, IA area, including installation, replacement, repair, and installation. From grease traps, sump pumps, toilets and garbage disposal units to water heaters, gas piping and bathroom remodeling, we offer a wide range of quality products and services. We offer a 100% satisfaction guarantee and we’re available 24/7 in case something goes wrong after hours. As one of the most important aspects of your home, your plumbing system should be taken care of by a professional plumber. Contact us to discuss your options.

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