Despite the Romans' common use of lead pipes, their aqueducts rarely poisoned people. Unlike other parts of the world where lead pipes cause poisoning, the Roman water had so much calcium in it that a layer of plaque prevented the water contacting the lead itself. What often causes confusion is the large amount of evidence of widespread lead poisoning, particularly amongst those who would have had easy access to piped water.[14] This was an unfortunate result of lead being used in cookware and as an additive to processed food and drink, for example as a preservative in wine.[15] Roman lead pipe inscriptions provided information on the owner to prevent water theft.

The Home Depot has a wide selection of high-quality plumbing parts including sump pumps, water heaters, HVAC systems, pipes and much more. The Home Depot even has eco-friendly plumbing options to help you save money and live green. If you need professional advice or installation assistance with any of your plumbing projects, turn to The Home Depot to help you finish your plumbing project. 

Faucets for the kitchen come in an array of styles, and costs vary as well, from simple single handle models running less than $50 to pull down faucets like those used in restaurant kitchens costing more than $200. One handle or two, separate pullout sprayer or pull down, countertop or wall mount, these also feature a variety of finishes from stainless steel to nickel and bronze.
plumbers must be asked directly what they charge hourly and if that is in addition to a service charge. The two are separate and I think they have gotten away with outrageous charges because of the potential of water damaging homeowner structures.   I had a plumber (not Home advisor) come and replace a part in my kitchen sink that was under warranty---the spray nozzle had been leaking...He charged me $85.00 for 15 minutes of work and I will never use Mr King again. 
"They replaced the entire sewer line from the house to the street using a technique called “pipe bursting” where they pull a new line through the old line. We used a coupon where for $93 they freed up a clog in our old line and put a camera down the line to figure out what the problem was... I like that they didn’t have to dig up my yard for this particular technique..."
Each Government at the state level has their own Authority and regulations in place for licensing plumbers. They are also responsible for the interpretation, administration and enforcement of the regulations outlined in the NCC.[38] These Authorities are usually established for the sole purpose of regulating plumbing activities in their respective states/territories. However, several state level regulation acts are quite outdated, with some still operating on local policies introduced more than a decade ago. This has led to an increase in plumbing regulatory issues not covered under current policy, and as such, many policies are currently being updated to cover these more modern issues. The updates include changed to the minimum experience and training requirements for licensing, additional work standards for new and more specific kinds of plumbing, as well as adopting the Plumbing Code of Australia into state regulations in an effort to standardise plumbing regulations across the country.[39]

Wall thickness does not affect pipe or tubing size.[20] 1/2" L copper has the same outer diameter as 1/2" K or M copper. The same applies to pipe schedules. As a result, a slight increase in pressure losses is realized due to a decrease in flowpath as wall thickness is increased. In other words, 1 foot of 1/2" L copper has slightly less volume than 1 foot of 1/2 M copper.[citation needed]


Keep in mind that a slow drain could be an issue with a plumbing vent, which regulates the air pressure in the pipes. Plumbing vent issues should be handled by a plumber, but if you have debris caught in your drain pipes, then you should be able to fix it with a sink plunger or snaking the drain with a cable auger. You can find these at any hardware store.
Sureflow Rooter Service is a complete commercial and residential drain service company located in Rhode Island. We are fully licensed, bonded and insured. Our many years of experience in the drain cleaning industry means that you can be confident of getting quality, professional drain service work. All of our work is charged on a flat rate basis so there are no surprise fees once the job is complete! Sureflow Rooter Service cares about our clients and their satisfaction. We always strive to provide the highest quality drain service and employ only the best professionals. Our staff is well trained, experienced and highly qualified so you get excellent drain service and value. With our years of experience as master drain cleaners, we are able to quickly resolve any issues you may have, whether residential or commercial. You satisfaction is guaranteed. We stand behind our work 100% with full warranties.
Pipe is available in rigid "joints", which come in various lengths depending on the material. Tubing, in particular copper, comes in rigid hard tempered "joints" or soft tempered (annealed) rolls. PeX and CPVC tubing also comes in rigid "joints" or flexible rolls. The temper of the copper, that is whether it is a rigid "joint" or flexible roll, does not affect the sizing.[19]
Our plumbers are diverse. Plumber Apache Junction AZ keep our team up on their toes. They have years of experience with them, and it keeps increasing by the day. With such experience, we are able to offer a wide array of services. With Apache Junction Plumber, you can get services for installing as well as repairing devices. Our plumbers will never say no for any service. With Plumber Apache Junction AZ, you get all your solutions under one roof. Within a phone call, our plumber will be outside your house. Just show us to the point of trouble, and we will get to our work. No matter what type of issue or building it is – we will do the job for you. You can hire Apache Junction Plumber for:
David responded to our call within minutes. We had a plumbing emergency and he came to us as soon as he finished a job he was on, which was about a few hours. David and his apprentice Cameron were respectful and pleasant to do business with. David explained everything to us and gave us a look at the camera as it snaked through our pipes. We will definitely call this company if need service again.read more

Sureflow Rooter Service is a complete commercial and residential drain service company located in Rhode Island. We are fully licensed, bonded and insured. Our many years of experience in the drain cleaning industry means that you can be confident of getting quality, professional drain service work. All of our work is charged on a flat rate basis so there are no surprise fees once the job is complete! Sureflow Rooter Service cares about our clients and their satisfaction. We always strive to provide the highest quality drain service and employ only the best professionals. Our staff is well trained, experienced and highly qualified so you get excellent drain service and value. With our years of experience as master drain cleaners, we are able to quickly resolve any issues you may have, whether residential or commercial. You satisfaction is guaranteed. We stand behind our work 100% with full warranties.


Using corrosive chemicals to dissolve a clog is like throwing a grenade down a gopher hole. Instead, Wroblewski recommends flushing your drains weekly with a half cup of baking soda and one cup of vinegar. Let it fizz in the drain for ten minutes, then pour in four cups of boiling water. Find out about the plumbing nightmares that will make you cringe.
Wooden pipes were used in London and elsewhere during the 16th and 17th centuries. The pipes were hollowed-out logs, which were tapered at the end with a small hole in which the water would pass through.[16] The multiple pipes were then sealed together with hot animal fat. They were often used in Montreal and Boston in the 1800s, and built-up wooden tubes were widely used in the USA during the 20th century. These pipes, used in place of corrugated iron or reinforced concrete pipes, were made of sections cut from short lengths of wood. Locking of adjacent rings with hardwood dowel pins produced a flexible structure. About 100,000 feet of these wooden pipes were installed during WW2 in drainage culverts, storm sewers and conduits, under highways and at army camps, naval stations, airfields and ordnance plants.
Awesome experience with Charlie's Rooter Service! Our outside area drains were overflowing when it rained and about to flood toward the house.  I called Charlie's and they had Luis come over within an hour.  Luis was super friendly and ready to help when he arrived.  He figured out the problem and snaked the street drain and pulled out a huge clump of roots that were clogging it up!  But there was still some backup flooding on the side that he was able to isolate to get rid of the mud and debris that were clogging that up.  Before leaving, Luis even gave suggestions on how to flush it out periodically to keep things flowing smoothly.  Luis is the best and I would definitely use him for future plumbing problems, highly recommended!

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